No shooting board, and the plane is a small one - smaller than a no.5 jack plane.
The one with the red handle. The boards I was evening out were too big for a shooting board, which i don't have, btw. Most likely i need to get better at cross - cutting LOL Oh, the chip - out is at the end of the plane run, when the plane goes off the end.
Another thing that will help with planing end grain is getting a low angle plane - one that is bedded at 12 degrees instead of 20 degrees like the one in your picture appears to be. It won't help with tear-out on the end of the board but will make the process a lot easier.
I've used a #5 just like that one to plane end grain without a shooting board, though I prefer my #3 or #4 if I'm going to freehand. It can be made to work, but it's not as easy. I don't actually OWN a low angle plane, except maybe for one low-quality block plane, so I don't use one.
1) Sharpen the plane. No, sharpen it better. Really. You need it as sharp as you can get it; I have trouble getting mine sharp enough.
2) Close up the mouth. The frog can be adjusted, and you want it as far forward as possible without the iron actually contacting the front of the mouth.
3) Set for a very fine cut, as fine as you reasonably can. Planing end grain is hard work, don't make it harder on yourself.
4) Mark a line perfectly square to your reference edge on both sides of the board. Without a shooting board, you absolutely need the reference.
5) Start planing. You want to go from each end towards the middle, and I like to reach the marked line at the ends first, leaving a hump in the middle. It's easier to plane down the hump without tearout that way, because your strokes aren't reaching the edge of the board.
If you're getting dust out of the plane instead of shavings, you probably need to sharpen more. I'm told that moistening the endgrain with denatured alcohol helps, but I've never tried it, so I can't really say for sure.
A forum community dedicated to professional woodworkers and enthusiasts. Come join the discussion about shop safety, wood, carpentry, lumber, finishing, tools, machinery, woodworking related topics, styles, scales, reviews, accessories, classifieds, and more!