Join Date: Sep 2007
Location: Baxter, Tennessee
Do searches for hand built lathes, homemade lathes, wooden lathes, etc. I found a lot of info on the net but I threw out my files a few months ago. The tailstock is the harder of the parts but it's not difficult if you don't mind the adjustment being a little slow. Look at the old Craftsman mono tube lathes for a simple to build tailstock idea.
The headstock can just be a pillow block with a shaft running through it. You can either thread the end of the shaft to accept faceplates and homemade drive centers or you could make the end 5/8" with a flat to accept shopsmith accessories.
Some of the record lathes had a solid shaft so you could find accesories for those that fit a threaded shaft and wouldn't need a hollow shaft.