Well... apple, pear, plum, persimmon, osage, mulberry, cherry, walnut, ash, hickory, oak, redbud, crabapple, box elder, sycamore, buckeye, birch, pecan, catalpa, hackberry, dogwood, honeylocust, holly, juniper, cedar, sweetgum, elm, sassafras, willow, lilac, cypress, would be a place to start if you are asking what I have used
.(off the top of my head)
I have said this before, it's all good turning(except maybe cottonwood
). I have dragged some of the best turning stock in the state out of burn piles. Look around, its everywhere.
I don't know if you live in town or the country. If you live in the boonies, take a walk in the woods with a bow saw and a burlap sack. Pick up some downed stuff and give it a spin (you don't have to cut anything alive, there is plenty laying around).
If you live in town, better yet. There are non native "ornamentals" growing in peoples yards as well as species native to your region. If you see a tree service working ask if you can have a couple little limbs to work with. If you are polite and stay out of their way when they work, they will gladly give you some.
You don't even need a bunch of tools to make turning stock. A bow saw to cut them to length and you can split/cut out blanks with a hatchet and a mallet.