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post #1 of 28 Old 09-15-2011, 01:14 PM Thread Starter
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Step 1

Hand Cut Splines Tutorial...

It came up in another thread about making miter splines and keys by hand and a tutorial was requested, so here ya go!

I'm using scraps from the shop so the box will be poplar and the keys red oak.

First off the miter cut by hand the I just flipped the pieces so as to only make one cut.

Then glued them up and secured with tape... A very weak joint but it will do for now...

~tom ...it's better to remain silent and be thought a fool than to open one's mouth and remove all doubt...
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post #2 of 28 Old 09-15-2011, 01:17 PM Thread Starter
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The splines were then prepared:

Using a marking gauge set to a bit wider than the chisel I will use I marked where to rip the oak. Then cleaned it up with a small plane and chisel.

~tom ...it's better to remain silent and be thought a fool than to open one's mouth and remove all doubt...
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post #3 of 28 Old 09-15-2011, 01:21 PM Thread Starter
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The location of the splines marked, cut with a back saw, cleaned out with a chisel cutting from the outside to the center.

Glue applied and the splines put in place.

While that's drying it's time to make a dovetail spline... Well, really just a wedge spline...

~tom ...it's better to remain silent and be thought a fool than to open one's mouth and remove all doubt...
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post #4 of 28 Old 09-15-2011, 01:24 PM Thread Starter
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A No 3 plane was used to bevel the edge of the same piece of oak from earlier then a the same angle marked to rip my wedge.

Cut the wedge and put it aside while I cleaned up the splines from earlier. First with a flush cut saw then chisel.

~tom ...it's better to remain silent and be thought a fool than to open one's mouth and remove all doubt...
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post #5 of 28 Old 09-15-2011, 01:27 PM Thread Starter
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Next the box was cut for the wedge exactly as before but using the same bevel gauge and matching the angle of my wedge...

Glue applied, wedge pushed in... Set aside to dry...

~tom ...it's better to remain silent and be thought a fool than to open one's mouth and remove all doubt...
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post #6 of 28 Old 09-15-2011, 01:32 PM Thread Starter
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And lastly, after it's all dry the wedge is trimmed just as before. The corner eased with a chisel and sanding, then an over all sanding, a bit of filler here and there, final sanding and a rub down with BLO to increase the contrast...

enjoy

If you have any questions, fire away... I tend to not be very wordy with these...

~tom ...it's better to remain silent and be thought a fool than to open one's mouth and remove all doubt...
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post #7 of 28 Old 09-15-2011, 02:16 PM
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Very nice -- thanks! That's pretty much exactly what I was looking for.

Out of curiosity: the wedge spline looks as though it will add a fair amount of strength to the joint, since it mechanically locks things together as well as adding glue surface. How much strength will the square splines add?
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post #8 of 28 Old 09-15-2011, 02:22 PM Thread Starter
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Quote:
Originally Posted by amckenzie4
Very nice -- thanks! That's pretty much exactly what I was looking for.

Out of curiosity: the wedge spline looks as though it will add a fair amount of strength to the joint, since it mechanically locks things together as well as adding glue surface. How much strength will the square splines add?
The wedge has two advantages, mechanical as you pointed out and increased surface area which equates to more long grain to long grain glue area.

That said, had I done only the two or three regular splines it will not pull apart... Assuming good fit and glue-up.

Incidentally, you can also make them much much thinner... As thin as a single saw blade kerf if you like...

~tom ...it's better to remain silent and be thought a fool than to open one's mouth and remove all doubt...
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post #9 of 28 Old 09-15-2011, 02:40 PM
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Cool. Thanks again!
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post #10 of 28 Old 09-15-2011, 05:25 PM
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Very nicely done.

I don't have the ability to do splines by hand any more, but have accomplished the same on my table saw for the straights and router table for the dove tails. Simple jigs make quick work of the cuts, and can be done on even bench top table saws and router tables with ease.

If Woodworking is so much fun why isn't it called WoodFUNNING?

I've made a few videos
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post #11 of 28 Old 09-15-2011, 05:47 PM
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Nice tutorial. Very helpful.

the third pic looked like you had the saw in backwards lol my first thought was that'll take a while, but it should be a smooth cut.
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post #12 of 28 Old 09-15-2011, 05:48 PM Thread Starter
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Quote:
Originally Posted by johnnie52
Very nicely done.

I don't have the ability to do splines by hand any more, but have accomplished the same on my table saw for the straights and router table for the dove tails. Simple jigs make quick work of the cuts, and can be done on even bench top table saws and router tables with ease.
Way way quicker and more precise on a power saw... No doubt!...


Way way more enjoyable by hand

~tom ...it's better to remain silent and be thought a fool than to open one's mouth and remove all doubt...
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post #13 of 28 Old 09-15-2011, 05:50 PM Thread Starter
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Quote:
Originally Posted by Brink
Nice tutorial. Very helpful.

the third pic looked like you had the saw in backwards lol my first thought was that'll take a while, but it should be a smooth cut.
Hahaha... Yeah that would be one hot blade after too!

So, Brink... Do you do yours backwards from how I did em?

~tom ...it's better to remain silent and be thought a fool than to open one's mouth and remove all doubt...
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post #14 of 28 Old 09-15-2011, 05:58 PM
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Quote:
Originally Posted by firemedic

Hahaha... Yeah that would be one hot blade after too!

So, Brink... Do you do yours backwards from how I did em?

~tom ...it's better to remain silent and be thought a fool than to open one's mouth and remove all doubt...
Yup, I put in the splines, then cut the slots
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post #15 of 28 Old 09-15-2011, 06:32 PM
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Quote:
Originally Posted by firemedic View Post
Way way quicker and more precise on a power saw... No doubt!...


Way way more enjoyable by hand
Hand saws...gotta love 'em.








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post #16 of 28 Old 09-15-2011, 07:15 PM
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Thanks Tom. I have wanted to do splined miters after seeing a demo done on a table saw. You gave me the inspiration to give this one a try!!
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post #17 of 28 Old 09-15-2011, 10:44 PM Thread Starter
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They really are easy... I have to admit though it takes longer than hand cutting dovetails... Well through DT's are, half bind and full blinds are way tedious!

~tom ...it's better to remain silent and be thought a fool than to open one's mouth and remove all doubt...
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post #18 of 28 Old 09-16-2011, 12:09 AM
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Thanks Tom. I will have to give that a try this weekend.
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post #19 of 28 Old 09-16-2011, 07:31 AM
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Thanks, Tom
Great tutorial
I will give that a try on a picture frame I'm attemping
Tom

Learning more about tools everyday
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post #20 of 28 Old 09-16-2011, 10:48 AM
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How do you keep your pull saw blade from wandering? I have one with a pretty then blade and it likes to wiggle quite a bit... Probably user error

otherwise - GREAT post!
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