Join Date: Jan 2016
Location: Southeastern NH
I know from experience, that most people will grab a block plane for almost anything, because it is easy to use, (but actually difficult to master). A block plane is made for "blocking in" or planing end grain. They come with the blades at two different angles, one for soft wood, one for hard. To surface plane boards the correct plane is a jointer plane, about 24 inches long. A very slight angle taken off each corner helps prevent ridges. Some are sharpened very slightly convex. If you look at old hand made doors, cabinets, etc. you can see rows, with the grain, of slightly curved passes of the plane that probably didn't even need sanding. Most important, NEVER, ever, put a plane down on it's cutting edge. Always ay it on it's side.