1. What type of wood should I use? This will probably be heavy and I don't want the frame to start to sag/warp over time
2. What type of joinery should I use? My tool selection for this task is fairly limited and again... heavy. I want it to stay together and not pull apart over time.
3. What are some of the measurements I should keep in mind when making a frame (I'm sure I wont think about something)
4. Is 1/8" glass thick enough?
5. Is 1/2 " on all sides enough to secure the glass to the frame?
6. What type of profile looks ok on a frame? I have a Bosch 1617 router, will that run whatever bit I would need?
7. What am I not taking into account on this?
8. Whats a fair price for glass of this size, online prices vary by from $150 to $400? I'm not sure what sizes HD or Lowes will do, nor any local glaziers. I'd rather not spend hundreds on a piece of glass for a picture frame
1. Doesn't matter. The wood will be on an edge, so it won't sag like a book shelf.
2. 45 miters look the best. You can use biscuits, dowels, splines, etc. If it's a big, heavy picture, I literally glue the corners and stick some metal brackets to the back.
3 & 5.Leave your tape measure in the toolbox. Get your picture, glass, matting, and back laid out. Cut a rabbet the lenght of you board as thick as the little stack you just created, cut a 45 on one end, then use the glass and picture as references and mark your measurements on the board using a sharp knife. Work one side at a time. As Charles Neil says, "Sneak up on it." Cut it a little too long, then trim it up.
6. You're going to have to pick what you think looks good. Nothing in a standard bit set looks good to me, so I use square stock.
7. You're thinking to hard about it. I know people are always concerned about waste, but that's how you learn.
8. Sheets of glass from the box stores are typically way less than $100, but they're sheet glass and not tempered. That's because guys who buy it (like me) need something simple to cut at home. A picture doesn't need tempered glass anyway.