350 years old tool collection - Woodworking Talk - Woodworkers Forum
 
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post #1 of 20 Old 07-21-2013, 12:04 PM Thread Starter
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350 years old tool collection

I have been visiting some relatives in southern part of my country. I'm interested in history so when I was there I took the opportunity to visit some historical places. Of course I took a special interest in woodworking related things. There was a lot to learn, from viking age house building technique to 18th century wagon making.

One of the most interesting places I visited was Skokloster, a manor house built in the mid 1600's by the count and field marshal Carl Gustaf Wrangel.

350 years old tool collection-s001.jpg

350 years old tool collection-s002.jpg

The manor is situated in a rather remote place on the shore of lake Mälaren and the building was quite challanging. All materials had to be shipped in on the lake, but the biggest difficulty was to find labour. In this period Sweden was more or less constantly at war so many able bodied men were enlisted. The commissioner himself spent most of his time as field marshal of the Swedish army during the 30-Year War in Germany.

Wrangel settled only with the best for this building and he knew that the best available tools of this time were made in Holland so he turned to the master tool maker Jan Arendz of Amsterdam and ordered the toools that would be needed. In 1664 200 planes, chisels, axes, saws and other tools arrived.

The unique thing with this is that they are preserved to present day. Normally craftsmen used their own tools and when the job was finished they took the tools with them. In this case the tools belonged to the commissioner and was left in the house and has been used only for repairwork on the house since then.

350 years old tool collection-s003.jpg
As you can see al the planes are very nice decorated. Note also that the longer planes are made for a right handed user, with the handle offset to the right and the tote to the left so you can apply an even pressure on the plane. The longest plane is 40".

350 years old tool collection-s004.jpg
The chisels and mallets seems to be well used. Note the decorations on the front end of the saws.

350 years old tool collection-s005.jpg

More to come..........

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post #2 of 20 Old 07-21-2013, 12:20 PM Thread Starter
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A very nicely decorated drill with a special mechanism to hold the drill bits

350 years old tool collection-s006.jpg


In one of the towers the count had his own woodshop. In the 1600's and 1700's a widely spread hobby among aristocrats was woodturning.
This was for pleasure only and they made some quite remarkable pieces.

The turning shop of the count left nothing to wish for.

350 years old tool collection-s007.jpg
It had three lathes, one for normal turning (to the right in the pic). The drive wheel was moved to the lathe in use and cranked by a servant.

350 years old tool collection-s008.jpg
350 years old tool collection-s009.jpg
The other two lathes have complicated mechanisms to enable oval and spiral turning.

There are several hundreds of turning tools hanging on tool racks.
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More to come.........

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post #3 of 20 Old 07-21-2013, 12:32 PM
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Thanks for posting. Very interesting. This would be an incredible collection for a museum, but even more impressive that this was put together by one person and so long ago.

I feel sorry for the poor servant. Feels like some extended turning sessions over the decades.
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post #4 of 20 Old 07-21-2013, 12:33 PM
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Awesome stuff! Thanks for posting.
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post #5 of 20 Old 07-21-2013, 12:33 PM Thread Starter
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Decorations on tool handles
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In 1676 Carl Gustaf Wrangel died. The manor house was then not yet fully completed. The banquet room, wich would be the largest in the country - 3500 sqft and 50 feet tall - was not completed. The craftsmen and workers were afraid not to get paid so they left the building site. This work was never proceeded and has remained as it was left through the centuries. It has been a unique opportunity to study building techniques of the time.

350 years old tool collection-s021.jpg
350 years old tool collection-s022.jpg

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post #6 of 20 Old 07-21-2013, 12:46 PM Thread Starter
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The house hold some incredible decorations and furniture.

350 years old tool collection-s016.jpg
350 years old tool collection-s017.jpg
350 years old tool collection-s018.jpg

The decorations on the cabinet doors are carved.
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This mantle piece is made of wood and painted
350 years old tool collection-s020.jpg

It's absolutely amazing what could be made with only hand tools.

The house also has a lot of other interesting things including an armory with over 2000 rare objects. A place were yo can easily spend a day .

Thanks for watching

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post #7 of 20 Old 07-21-2013, 01:34 PM
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Quote:
Originally Posted by Longknife View Post
A very nicely decorated drill with a special mechanism to hold the drill bits

Attachment 75868


In one of the towers the count had his own woodshop. In the 1600's and 1700's a widely spread hobby among aristocrats was woodturning.
This was for pleasure only and they made some quite remarkable pieces.

The turning shop of the count left nothing to wish for.

Attachment 75869
It had three lathes, one for normal turning (to the right in the pic). The drive wheel was moved to the lathe in use and cranked by a servant.

Attachment 75870
Attachment 75871
The other two lathes have complicated mechanisms to enable oval and spiral turning.

There are several hundreds of turning tools hanging on tool racks.
Attachment 75872

More to come.........
That is one finely decorated brace. A centerpiece of any tool collection.

George
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post #8 of 20 Old 07-21-2013, 01:34 PM
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This is fantastic stuff. I really enjoyed your pictures and comments. I could easily spend several days in that place. Thank you for sharing.

I have decided to be happy, because it’s good for my health.- VOLTAIRE
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post #9 of 20 Old 07-21-2013, 02:33 PM
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Amazing. The brace and planes look like exactly the sort of thing I'd have commissioned if I was an insanely wealthy person with a woodworking hobby.
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post #10 of 20 Old 07-21-2013, 02:57 PM
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And I just thought that Asheville, NC held a true castle. (The Biltmore).
Magnificent posting and pics.
Bill
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post #11 of 20 Old 07-21-2013, 06:13 PM
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Wow, I love seeing this, thanks for sharing.

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I’m a die hard DIY guy. Don’t tell me to hire someone for what I can do myself.
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post #12 of 20 Old 07-21-2013, 08:42 PM
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Quote:
Originally Posted by KTP View Post
Amazing. The brace and planes look like exactly the sort of thing I'd have commissioned if I was an insanely wealthy person with a woodworking hobby.
Given the prices of things in those days the whole set probably cost less than a week's pay today for one carpenter.

Doesn't make any of it less beautiful though. Thanks for sharing.

If Woodworking is so much fun why isn't it called WoodFUNNING?

I've made a few videos
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post #13 of 20 Old 07-21-2013, 09:11 PM
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Thanks for showing all that. Very interesting. What's so unique is the personalization the craftsmen of the time created on the tools.






.

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post #14 of 20 Old 07-21-2013, 09:22 PM
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Very nice! Thanks for sharing! I almost missed it with it being in the general section. I'm envious to have seen it.
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post #15 of 20 Old 07-21-2013, 10:00 PM
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Very cool...... Thanks for sharing!!!
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post #16 of 20 Old 07-21-2013, 10:15 PM
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Clearly, I should have checked out this thread sooner instead of quickly skimming over the forum this morning. Those are some awesome collections. I couldn't imagine what something like that would cost today.
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post #17 of 20 Old 07-21-2013, 11:08 PM
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Some very cool stuff and great pictures. Would love that banquet hall for a shop and those tools - to die for
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post #18 of 20 Old 07-22-2013, 05:25 AM
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Wow I love those tools.
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post #19 of 20 Old 07-23-2013, 07:12 AM
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Wow. Thank you very much for sharing this with us all.
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post #20 of 20 Old 07-23-2013, 03:48 PM
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I want to have a tool collection like that! That is very astounding!
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