there are 2 basic cabinet types
The first is the Eurpoean type, where the box is made of sheet goods, Melamine, MDF, MDO, plywood etc. and the doors are similar, plain with little or no trim and no frame on the perimeters.
The second type is more ornate, the doors and the cabinet have frames, with rail and stile or mitered corners, recessed panels, trim and moldings around the perimeters. More like fine furniture and may have sculptural elements.
What is your preference? The internal construction is similar with dados for the bracing or shelves and rabbets for the intersections of sides, backs and face frames. Design is personal, but construction techniques are similar.
The answer to your question will only be as detailed and specific as the question is detailed and specific. Good questions also include a sketch or a photo that illustrates your issue. (:< D)